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Facials, Microdermabrasions, and Chemical Peels: The differences, benefits, and designated skin types.

I.              
Facials

A.    A luxurious maintenance treatment for the face that
includes:

1.    Deep Cleaning – Dirt, oil, and impurities are
removed with special, customized cleansers according to the skin type (i.e.
dry, oily, combo). Steaming the face to open pores and aid in loosening dead
skin cells follows this. Blackheads and milia are removed easier. An
exfoliation product is then used as a scrub to remove the dead skin cells and
helps reveal the fresh new skin.

2.    Massage – Facial massage helps to relax the
facial muscles. It also tones the muscles, which aid in the delay and
prevention of wrinkles. This includes lymphatic drainage (the removal of toxins
and waste from the body.) It also improves the blood circulation, which is also
necessary for healthy skin. The client will feel relaxed, refreshed, and
relieved of stress.

3.    Masque and moisturization – According to the
skin type, a specific mask will aid in the improvement of the texture and
appearance of the skin. Two basic categories include clay and cream masques.
Clay helps tighten the pores on oily and combination skin and works as an
anti-bacterial aid on blemishes. Cream masques help hydrate skin and soften the
appearance of fine lines. Following the masque a Vitamin rich SPF moisturizer
is applied to protect the treated new skin.
 

B.      Facials benefit
all skin types as they serve as a good maintenance    regimen. They promote the general well being and health of the texture and appearance of the skin and assist in anti-aging factors. Normal, dry, oily, acne-prone, and combination skin are great candidates as each facial is customized using the appropriate products and techniques. However severe skin conditions such as extreme acne, eczema, Rosacea, etc. must receive medical treatment first and then can be accommodated by facials to further promote improvements in the skin.

II.             
Microdermabrasion

 A.    A deep exfoliation of the skin where a machine uses
suction and applies crystals to remove the Stratum Corneum (the outer layer of
the skin). Blackheads and milia are also removed along with excess oil and
debris. This 20-minute  procedure
is recommended in a series of five or more treatments followed by maintenance
of once a month. Microdermabrasion is usually performed in conjunction with a
facial.

B.    An excellent maintanance regimen to keep fresh new
skin visible and the blood circulation flowing for a healthy, glowing
complexion. It also aids in relieving minor to moderate congestion of the
pores, hyper pigmentation, minor acne scarring, superficial lines and dry
patchy skin.

C.
Most skin types can benefit from Microdermabrasion. Patients with severe acne
are not recommended, as large blemishes must never be touched until completely
healed.

 

III.           
Chemical Peels

 A.    A topical solution customized to a specific skin type
to remove the outer dead layers of the skin. This causes the skin to burn and
later peel off. Fresh, new, regenerated skin is revealed and significantly
improved with a series of chemical peels in biweekly or monthly intervals. As
the Stratum Corneum is dissolved the specified chemical peel targets the
problem areas. These functions include lightening of the skin on patients with
hyper pigmentation, smoothing out fine lines and wrinkles on prematurely aged
skin as well as improving minor acne scarring. Patients with light skin are
ideal candidates for chemical peels, as caution must be used when performing a
chemical peel on darker skin so that unwanted lightening can be avoided.

B.    Various types of chemical solutions include alpha
hydroxy acid, such as salicylic, glycolic or lactic acid trichloroacetic acid
(TCA) or carbolic acid (phenol). The skin type will determine the chemical to
be used.

C.    A
tingling, burning sensation is the most common feeling on patients but this
subsides as the chemical peel is neutralized or slows down after its peak
performance. The post treatment condition of the skin is similar to that of
sunburn such as redness, peeling, sensitivity and itchiness.

D.   If chemical peel used in conjunction with a microdermabrasion treatment, significant and more rapid results are achieved.

 

IV.          
Facials: Difference
from microdermabrasions and chemical peels and the ideal candidates:

A.    They are not strong aggressive treatments that
produce immediate and significant results.

B.    Almost all skin types can receive  facials

C.   No strong chemicals or machines used to remove
the  outer layer of skin. . Simple
machines such as steamers and electric brushes are used.

D.   Facials serve more as a luxurious, pampering, skin
regimen to maintain the well being of the skin.

 

V.            
Microdermabrasion:
Difference from facials and chemical peels and the ideal candidates:

A.    Only a machine using suction and crystals is used to
remove the stratum corneum.

B.    Patients with superficial fine lines, minor acne
scarring, hyper pigmentation and congested skin are the best candidates for
these treatments. Normal skin types only require a maintenance regimen instead
of a series.

C.   A little downtime is required to protect the fresh
new skin revealed.

 

VI.          
Chemical peels:
Difference from facials and microdermabrasions and the ideal candidates:

A.    They use a chemical solution to remove the stratum
corneum of the skin.

B.    Slightly more discomfort is experienced with this
type of treatment.

C.   Side effects can sometimes be more severe and take a
few more days to subside while using caution to avoid exposure to the sun.

D.   It is the ideal treatment for patients with hyper
pigmentation, acne, superficial fine lines, and minor scarring who would like
to see rapid and significant results.